Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine which deals with the eye anatomy and the general physiology and diseases of the eye. It is a special branch of medicine that deals with eye problems that may affect individuals. It includes surgical solutions and entire medicine subscription to eye problems.
An ophthalmologist is, therefore, a medical eye specialist who specializes in injuries and diseases of the eye. These physicians correct eye conditions and ensure they get rid of diseases that are affecting the eye and its structures.
Functions of Ophthalmologists
They are specialized in conducting eye examinations to distinctly ascertain the cause of a certain eye problem and to decide on the right medication for the defect. They conduct these examinations with the aim of possibly determining the nature of the vision hitch. They examine for varied conditions and professionally decide whether the condition can be rectified with the aid of corrective lenses or prescribed medications.
After the examination, they will also issue the patient with the medication if the defect demands it. They examine eye injuries to refer them for surgeries if it is the best option to correct the injury. The eye examination also extends to before surgery and after surgery examination.
Establishes a Treatment and eye Management Plan
With the help and association of other medical care professionals, the Ophthalmologist will assist the eye patients in establishing a treatment plan for them. They analyze various lab tests to come up with a viable diagnosis for the patient and advice on a workable management plan for smooth eye recuperation.
They have absolute authority and professional mandate to refer patients for therapies if need be, to treat the defect well. This may include vision exercise therapies or eye rehabilitations. Physicians from other specialties may also choose to refer their patients to conditions affecting their visual to Ophthalmologist.
Perform Eye Surgeries
They operate on the patient’s eye after ascertaining beyond any doubt that the health needs surgery to be corrected. This surgery involves removal of eye cataracts if the defect is in cataracts. In some instances, a good Ophthalmologist performs Cornea transplants to correct the defect of nearsightedness in a patient.
They are also specialized in operating on the patient to remove eye tumors or objects that are causing adverse effects to the vision.
Ophthalmologists may choose to specialize in a specific group of people or a particular condition for professional specification. They can choose to specialize in vision correction surgery, cornea transplants or any other specification that befits his/her career.